Making shelves is something I’ve wanted to do for a long time now and I need to make more. I think some basement shelving would be awesome in our short 5’ 5” tall basement. Having a small home is wonderful. It forces us to question everything we bring in to the house. However, we still have too much stuff. We have a back “mudroom” that is pretty much overflow of the kitchen. However, there are plenty of other things we can add to this shelving unit. It just keeps adding up.
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Materials we used
- 4 – 10′ 2x4s – We already had these (Under $6 each at our local hardware store)
- Miscellaneous scrap 2x4s – For the individual shelf frames
- Kreg Jig R3 (Screwing and gluing would work too)
- Kreg Jig Screws
- Miter Saw
- Pallet Wood
- DeWalt Planer (we used an older version)
- Hand Sander
- Sand Paper
- Air Compressor
- Brad Nailer
- Brad Nails
DIY Shelving Unit using 2x4s and Pallet Wood
The first thing is to figure out the dimensions of the shelf you need. We figured we needed approximately 72” tall x 30” wide x 17” deep. I wanted to avoid hitting the shelf above our freezer and blocking an outlet, so I took that into account.
Cut the legs of your shelf to the right height. We cut four of the 10’ – 2x4s first, to the 72” height and took them inside to make sure they fit.
This is how the shelf will look from the top view and how each shelf’s frame will look. Your dimensions will of course differ from ours but, the set up can be the same. We cut the front cross bars (27”) and the side cross bars (10 1/8”) to length for all of the shelves using scrap 2×4 wood.
Using the Kreg Jig R3, which I was lucky enough to win from Bre, over at Average But Inspired, we got all the holes ready. The Kreg Jig R3 is much more capable then how we used it but, the nice thing is it has all the measurements you need right on the tool itself. We have a Kreg Jig mini which is awesome but, doesn’t have the measurements on it for placement. We built a frame for an old refrigerator glass shelf using the Kreg Jig mini.
We drilled holes just like this, 2 at each end, of the 27″ and 10 1/8″ support pieces. The only pieces we didn’t drill pocket holes were the 72″ legs.
We wanted the bottom shelf to sit about an inch off the ground so we put a scrap wood spacer in before we attached the shorter cross bars
We installed those shorter side top and bottom pieces and we now had our 2 side frames built.
Laying one of the frames down, we attached the longer crossbars first, clamping them down tight and using a scrap piece to ensure it stayed as straight as possible.
Once the entire frame is built, measure out where you’d like the other shelves and install the shelving support pieces based off of those measurements.
The last thing we added were the support pieces that will go under the middle of each shelf.
We used pallet wood to make the shelves. Can you believe I’ve never used pallet wood for a project before? When we were given 2 old pallets, we purchased a pallet breaker similar to this and it’s amazing. Just know you’ll have to purchase the right sized pipe to fit it. It made taking our pallets apart ridiculously easy.
3 pieces of pallet wood fit nicely in between leaving a tiny gap and some of the pallet wood was warped and more narrow in certain places but, I can’t be picky here. We’re talking free material. The front pallet piece and the back pallet piece were shorter than the rest due to the frame’s legs. So, a total of 5 pallet pieces were used per shelf.
Instead of actually measuring the length of the pallet wood we’d need to cut, we laid the 3 center pieces over the side supports and drew in pencil from underneath. Then we cut with the miter saw.
I should say the pallet wood was extremely rough and I’m lucky enough that my dad has a planer. I’ve never used it until this shelf project and it is my goal in life to own one. I also have to say, I used to get frustrated when I read the tools that a blogger used with which I didn’t own or would never buy or didn’t have the money to buy so, I’m wondering if you’re thinking this right now. It is nice however, when you know someone who has the exact tool you need.
I’ve already filled it up with some miscellaneous items as well as with products we sell on Etsy and Ebay. When things are boxed up they take up a lot more room and I was getting claustrophobic in my upstairs attic office. I’m not that good about listing but, it’s projects like this shelving unit that allow me to do more of the things I need to. At least that’s what I keep telling myself. Are you a shelving junkie?